Faith in Christ leads to action
Luke is also cited as writing the Book of Acts. Together Luke and Acts trace the ministry and teachings of Jesus to their actualization and development in the early church. The person Theophilus to whom Luke is writing is unknown, although he is cited in both Luke 1:3 and Acts 1:1. Moreover, it may be reasonably concluded that Luke was writing for a larger audience and indeed his writings were circulated within the early church. There is no consensus as to the date(s) or place(s) of the composition of Luke or Acts. Some scholars have projected a date(s) before AD 70 and some have argued for a later date. According to one scholar, “On the whole a date not far off AD 70 appears to satisfy all requirements.” Since the Temple was destroyed by the Romans in AD 70, Luke would have been written about the same time. Therefore, Luke would have been available at a critical time to be a positive influence upon the early church.
The Gospel According to Luke, with its carefully researched factual basis and theological perspectives, would have been have been an encouragement and teaching instrument for the early church. “He [Luke] wrote for people at some remove from the ministry of Jesus, both in geography and in time, and his task was to provide them with such an account of the story of Jesus as would enable them to see that the story with which they had already become partially acquainted was a reliable basis for their faith. Thus his work was probably intended for members of the church, but it could at the same time be used evangelistically, and its outward form (in the manner of a historical and literary work) strongly suggests that such a wider audience was in view.” A prominent theme in Luke is salvation: the Lord seeking and saving the lost, believers living out its full meaning within the church, and the church spreading the good news.Luke’s relation to the early church was pastoral, as well as historical and theological. “[Luke] shapes his presentation of the life of Jesus and the growth, mission and faith of the early
 I. Howard Marshall, The Gospel of Luke: A Commentary on the Greek Text, The New International Greek Testament Commentary (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Company, 1978), 35.
 Marshall, Gospel, 35.
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Jesus told the parable of the great banquet (or the great dinner) while at a meal at the home of a Pharisee. The parable portrays how the kingdom of God includes people who are downtrodden – the Pharisees had dismissed such people. The parable is in the context of humility (Luke 14:11).
The Parable of the Great Banquet